HOME » 刊行物 » 経済研究


Vol. 54, No. 3, pp. 248-263 (2003)

“Romanian Pension Reform in Comparative Perspective”
Valentina Vasile (Department of Economy of the Resources, Institute of National Economy, Romania), Akira Uegaki (Department of Economics, Seinan Gakuin University, Japan)

The process of pension reform in Romania has showed a different character than that of other European transitional economies. Even the full reorganization of Pillar 1 was delayed, Pillar 2 has not yet been legislated and discussion is shifting to construct Pillar 3 as occupational pension scheme. This situation can be attributed to some specific features of the Romanian economy, namely demographic trends, employment structure and the fiscal deficit. All of the three features have their roots in history including Ceausescu's legacy. Therefore the range of the problems that Pillar 1 must cover is wider and the structure of poverty of retired people is more complicated than the World Bank’s framework anticipates.