HOMEPublications ≫ IER NEWSLETTER Vol. 16

IER NEWSLETTER Vol. 16 (2018/1/10) 

We are publishing to our related researchers this newsletter for the purpose of providing regular notice of the activities of the Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University. While we have provided information through the Institute’s website, we now decide to publish this newsletter as a means of communicating information actively in order to provide more timely notice of the Institute’s activities, so that readers can participate in our activities and have more accurate understandings of their content.



1. Information
2. Column:
Column 1: Tatiana Karabchuk (Assistant Professor, United Arab Emirates University/Visiting Professor, IER, Hitotsubashi) “From Non-standard employment in Russia to Ideal Number of Children in UAE and Japan”
Column 2:
Hideyasu Sato (Adjunct Assistant Professor, IER, Hitotsubashi University) “Encounter with AgEcon”
3. Visitors
4. Seminar Schedule
5. New Publications

     1. Information     


May 2, 2018
Emeritus Professor Osamu Saito was selected as a member of American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
Call for Papers
We will hold a one-day workshop featuring Michael Waldman on Friday, November 2, 2018. You are welcome to submit theoretical and/or empirical (including experimental) unpublished papers. Submission deadline: Tuesday, September 11, 2018. More details. 

     2. Column     


(Assistant Professor, United Arab Emirates University/Visiting Professor, IER, Hitotsubashi University)
"From Non-standard employment in Russia to Ideal Number of Children in UAE and Japan"
This is a short essay prepared for the IER Newsletter within my research stay at Hitotsubashi University in May- July 2018. I tried to prepare an interesting piece to read for all readers combining personal experience, key socio-economic research questions I study and my reflection on the IER community and research environment. 
I am lucky to become sociologist and appeared to be a university professor as I really like my job a lot. But the long way to the first female professor from Russia at the Sociology Department in the UAE University was not that easy. I started my academic career as a student intern at the Centre for Labour Market Studies (CLMS) at HSE with Vladimir Gimpelson and Rostislav Kapeliushnikov, the top labour economists in Russia, as directors and my supervisors in 2002 and after three successful months received a job offer to stay as a junior research fellow. From that time my focus of research became non-standard employment, informal work, temporary contracts and their outcomes for the labour market and demography. 
In 2002 Russian labour market was only at the beginning of real wage growth and flexibilization in terms of employment types. There were few amendments done into the very rigid Russian Labour Code allowing longer list of situations when employers could use temporary workers but the protection of the core employees remained very strong. That reduced the number of vacancies created by employers due to high labour costs (see more in Gimpelson et al. 2010, Kapeliushnikov 2001). Growing proportions of Russian labour force was experiencing second jobs, informal work arrangements or temporary contracts.  By 2012 up to 10% were employed on temporary basis and about 17% were engaged in informal jobs (the estimations vary according to the data and methodology, see more Karabchuk 2012a, Karabchuk 2012b). 
Being a young specialist at CLMS and studding on a PhD program, I was also forced in 2004 to have several jobs to earn more money for my newly established family. Additionally, I worked as a teacher of English Language at a secondary school in Moscow and also as a private English teacher giving private lessons. Thus, non-standard working arrangements as poverty survival strategies became of particular interest for me from personal life experiences. In 2004-2005 I received a small research grant from the World Bank (Moscow office) to study casual work and poverty in Russia. MORE
(Adjunctt Assistant Professor, IER, Hitotsubashi University)

“Encounter with AgEcon”

I accepted the position of Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Institute of Economic Research starting this year.

Since I just earned my PhD last year, in many ways I feel like I’m at risk like a driver who has just earned a driver’s license, but still I feel driven to write high-quality papers while referring to the driving techniques of the Institute’s professors.

My specialty is agricultural economics. Looking back now, originally I wanted to move in this direction because in high school I was fascinated by agricultural chemistry, but at that time I decided to enter the Faculty of Economics because I felt uneasy about whether or not I could grow accustomed to what I considered a hard sciences environment. I still remember how excited I was, as somebody originally interested in agriculture, to learn of the academic field of agricultural economics. It felt as if I had discovered something special, that connected a place for me to be at that time with what I really wanted to do.

Studying agricultural economics, I learned that agriculture and food are special in a way. But that special quality does not necessarily mean that we should treat agriculture in a special way (i.e., protectionism). It was said that my faculty advisor in graduate school, Prof. Masayoshi Honma (then a professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the University of Tokyo) often argued with Prof. Nobuhiro Suzuki, who was in a neighboring field, about the pros and cons of free-trade agreements, with Prof. Shinichi Shougenji serving as a mediator between them. Listening to their debates, I became enamored with the simple question of what kinds of real (empirical) effects the elimination of tariffs on agricultural produce would have on the domestic economy, and actually this would become the subject of my degree thesis.

To elucidate this topic, I conducted a simulation analysis of the elimination of tariffs on the dairy-products market. I employed the methodology of developing a demand-supply model for the main dairy products (butter, nonfat milk, and cheese) and calibrating deep parameters (using elasticity values from previous studies). Even though I strived to take into consideration matters such as the specific properties of dairy products as commodities and regional differences in production structures, still numerous issues remained with regard to the propriety of various assumptions on subjects such as the elasticity values I employed, the forms of functions used, and anticipated market structures. This gave me a deep feeling for just how difficult simulation analysis can be.

In my doctoral program, I began econometric studies including estimation of elasticity based on my master’s thesis. While I had heard about the extreme example that said that an ordinary least squares (OLS) model had been enough for a paper in the past, thanks to advances in econometrics in recent years it proved a considerable technical challenge just to estimate a single elasticity. At the same time, I had plenty of opportunities to experience just how interesting pure statistics and econometrics can be, and lately I am very interested in sharing this academic enjoyment. (In the first semester, I taught statistics at Gakushuin University, and in the second semester, I will teach applied quantitative econometrics at the University of Tokyo.)

Since earning my PhD, I have carried out empirical research in the domains of development economics and environmental economics. Since assuming this position at the Institute, I also have conducted research in the field of food economics, using point-of-sale data. While these studies have not yet borne fruit, I would like to take advantage of the Institute’s excellent research environment to generate findings that are meaningful in terms of both policy and academics.


     3. Visitors     


[Visiting and Adjunct Faculties]

Yuta Takahashi (Northwestern University) 2018/9/1-2019/3/31
Hidenori Takahashi (University of Mannheim) 2018/6/30-2018/8/30
Kensuke Teshima (Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM)) 2018/6/1-2018/8/18
Konosuke Odaka Hitotsubashi University (Professor Emeritus) 2018/4/1-2019/3/31
Osamu Saito (Hitotsubashi University (Professor Emeritus)) 2018/4/1-2019/3/31

[Foreign Visiting Faculties]
Kanda Naknoi (University of Connecticut) 2018/9/25-2018/12/24
Christopher Spencer (Loughborough University) 2018/6/29-2018/9/28
Tatiana Karabchuk (United Arab Emirates University) 2018/5/7-2018/8/6
Stephen N. Broadberry (University of Oxford) 2018/3/15- 2018/6/14

[Visiting Scholars]
Jean-Pascal Bassino (Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon) 2018/9/1-2019/8/31
Øivind Schøyen (JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowships for Research in Japan) 2018/9/1-2020/7/31
Kohei Kawaguchi (HKUST Business School) 2018/7/23-2018/7/31
Naoki Yoshihara (University of Massachusetts Amherst) 2018/7/22-2018/9/3
Marcia Yonemoto (University of Colorado at Boulder) 2018/7/2-2018/7/6
Andreas P. Kyriacou (Universitat de Girona) 2018/6/29-2018/7/23
Orio Roca Sagalés (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) 2018/6/29-2018/7/20
Kohei Kawaguchi (HKUST Business School) 2018/6/23-2018/6/29
Andrew Wait (University of Sydney) 2018/6/20-2018/6/21
Shin Kanaya (Aarhus University & CREATES 2018/6/18-2018/7/31
Jed DeVaro (California State University, East Bay) 2018/6/8-2018/6/21
Eric Kamwa (Université des Antilles) 2018/6/4-2018/6/18
Ekaterina Hertog (University of Oxford) 2018/6/4-2018/6/14
Kamila Kolpashnikova (National Taipei University) 2018/6/4-2018/6/14
Christopher Paik (New York University Abu Dhabi) 2018/5/24-2018/5/25
Naoki Yoshihara (University of Massachusetts Amherst) 2018/5/15-2018/6/30
Wataru Miyamoto (Bank of Canada) 2018/4/29-2018/6/22
Maros Servatka (Macquarie Graduate School of Management) 2018/4/17-2018/4/26
Carlos Carrilo-Tudela (University of Essex) 2018/4/4-2018/4/11

     4. Seminar Schedule     


Sep 27, 2018, 17:10-
Hendrik Rommeswinkel (National Taiwan University)
Oct 19, 2018, 10:45-
Shinsuke UCHIDA (Nagoya City University)
Oct 30, 2018, 17:10-
James Morley (University of Sydney)
Nov 6, 2018, 10:45-
Nanami Toishi (University of Tokyo)
Jan 10, 2019, 17:10-
Jingyi Xue (Singapore Management University)

     5. New Publications      

IIER Discussion Paper Series [2018/7/26]
Tomoya Tajika
IER Discussion Paper Series [2018/7/5]
Ekaterina Hertog, Man Yee Kan, Kiyomi Shirakawa, Ryota Chiba
CIS Discussion Paper Series [2018/6/27]
Satoshi Yamamoto, Viktoriya Kan, Roman Bartnik
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/6/25]
Kazuya Masuda, Yoko Sakai
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/5/17]
Kazuya Masuda, Chikako Yamauchi
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/5/7]
Quheng Deng, Xinxin Ma
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/4/23]
Kazuya Masuda, Maureen Chitundu
RRC Working Paper Series [2018/4/20]
Ichiro Iwasaki
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/4/9]
Eduard Baumöhl, Ichiro Iwasaki, Evžen Kočenda
RCESR Discussion Paper Series [2018/3/30]
Hiroyuki Kasahara, Yasuyuki Sawada, Michio Suzuki
RRC Working Paper Series [2018/3/26]
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/3/15]
Olga Kupets
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/3/15]
Marko Vladisavljević, Cristiano Perugini
IER Discussion Paper Series [2018/3/14]
Kyoji FUKAO, Cristiano PERUGINI
IER Discussion Paper Series [2018/3/13]
Naohito Abe, Kyoji Fukao, Kenta Ikeuchi, D.S. Prasada Rao
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/3/5]
Ippei Fujiwara, Yuichiro Waki
CIS Discussion Paper Series [2018/2/14]
Masazumi Hattori, Ilhyock Shim, Yoshihiko Sugihara
CEI Working Paper Series [2018/1/24]
Kseniia Gatskova, Vladimir Kozlov