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Noriyuki Takayama ed. "Priority Challenges in Pension Administration," Published from Maruzen Co. Ltd., Tokyo, January 2011. $80.00 cloth, ISBN 978-4-621-08345-1

Pension administration currently faces many challenges. First, certain population groups such as the self-employed, atypical workers, the unemployed, migrant workers and workers in small businesses present specific administrative difficulties to social security institutions, in terms of contribution collection, enforcement of compliance, and combating contribution evasion. Second, there is considerable need for debate on current innovations in ICT and their impact on the organization of pension administration. Third, information management and data quality are of utmost importance not only to ensure appropriate financial flows and correct benefit payments, but also to maintain the social legitimacy of pension schemes and social security administrations. Fourth, growing demands on customer-oriented services, the increased need to legitimize and inform the public on pension programs as well as the development of new communication technologies have created new pressures and opportunities. In this book, experts discuss the appropriateness and effectiveness of using public policy to influence fertility decisions. Contributors discuss the general feasibility of public interventions in the area of fertility, analyze fertility patterns and policy design in such countries as Japan, South Korea, China, Sweden, and France, and offer theoretical analyses of parental fertility choices that provide an overview of a broad array of child-related policy instruments in a number of OECD and EU countries.

Taken together, new developments in the area of ICT, socio-economic changes, and new client needs require pension administrations to take a proactive approach in order to anticipate future administrative challenges and prepare solutions for them. Yet, generally speaking, academic circles have paid insufficient attention to the implementation issues raised by these major developments.

This volume is devoted to addressing priority challenges in pension administration. It presents a basic framework for better pension implementation by demonstrating five core requirements for a viable pension system, identifying several basic key elements in any effective system for collecting social security contributions. It also contains reports on selected countries, including Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States, and attempts to clarify future administrative challenges. Through in-depth discussions on national experiences, good practice and lessons learnt, this volume provides useful and insightful details on innovations and solutions currently applied in a variety of countries.


Chapter 1: Collection of Social Contributions: Current Practice and Critical Issues
Stanford G. Ross

Chapter 2: The Use of Information and Communication Technologies to Improve Public Service Delivery and Recognition of Citizen Rights in Brazil
Rodrigo Ortiz D'Avila Assumpcao

Chapter 3: Customer-oriented Services and Information: Enhancing Public Pension Awareness in Canada and Why it Matters
Dominique La Salle

Chapter 4: Effective and Efficient ICT Strategies to Support Pension Administration in Denmark
Carsten Bodal and Anders Schmidt Hansen

Chapter 5: Extending Pension Coverage in Germany: The Employment Insurance Approach
Markus Sailer

Chapter 6: Pension Record-keeping Problems in Japan
Noriyuki Takayama

Chapter 7: Improving the Administration of Problem Groups in the National Pension System: The Case of Korea
Seong Sook Kim

Chapter 8: Focus on Client Orientation: Service Delivery of the Dutch State Pensions
Luc Boss

Chapter 9: Customer-oriented Services and Information: Experiences from Sweden
Paul Larsson, Arne Paulsson and Annika Sunden

Chapter 10: National Insurance Administration in the UK
Ian MacDonald

Chapter 11: Ensuring Appropriate Information Management and Data Quality at the United States Social Security Administration
Jerry Berson

Chapter 12: Recent Developments in the Collection of Social Contributions
Stanford G. Ross

Chapter 13: The Collection of Pension Contributions: A Comparative Review of Three Central European Countries
Tine Stanovnik

Chapter 14: An Analysis of Provident and Pension Fund Administration in Selected Asian Countries
Mukul Asher

Chapter 15: Future Challenges in Pension Administration
Chris Gibbon

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Noriyuki Takayama and Martin Werding eds. "FERTILIY AND PUBLIC POLICY: How to Reverse the Trend of Declining Birth Rates," Published from the MIT Press, 2011. $35.00/£25.95 cloth, ISBN 978-0-262-01451-9, CESifo Seminar series

In 2050, world population growth is predicted to come almost to a halt. Shortly thereafter it may well start to shrink. A major reason behind this shift is the fertility decline that has taken place in many developed countries. In this book, experts discuss the appropriateness and effectiveness of using public policy to influence fertility decisions. Contributors discuss the general feasibility of public interventions in the area of fertility, analyze fertility patterns and policy design in such countries as Japan, South Korea, China, Sweden, and France, and offer theoretical analyses of parental fertility choices that provide an overview of a broad array of child-related policy instruments in a number of OECD and EU countries.

CONTRIBUTORS: Gunnar Andersson, Reiko Aoki, Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Jonathan Bradshaw, Yoonyoung Cho, Alessandro Cigno, Tamotsu Kadoda, Yoko Konishi, Seiritsu Ogura, Xizhe Peng, Warren Sanderson, Noriyuki Takayama, Olivier Thevenon, and Martin Werding


Chapter 1: Fertility and Public Policy: An Introduction
Noriyuki Takayama and Martin Werding

Chapter 2: The Economics of the Family and Its Policy Implications: Why Should We Care about Fertility Outcomes?
Martin Werding

Chapter 3: Low Fertility and Population Aging in Germany and Japan: Prospects and Policies
Warren Sanderson

Chapter 4: Effects of Public Policies and the Labor Market on the Fertility of Japanese Women: Analyses of Municipal Data
Seiritsu Ogura and Tamotsu Kadoda

Chapter 5: On the Persistence of Low Birthrates in Japan
Reiko Aoki and Yoko Konishi

Chapter 6: An Evaluation of a Pronatal Subsidy in Korea: A Quasi-experimental Approach
Yoonyoung Cho

Chapter 7: Fertility Transition and Its Socioeconomic Impacts in China
Xizhe Peng

Chapter 8: Fertility and Social Policy
Jonathan Bradshaw and Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz

Chapter 9: Family Policies and Fertility in Sweden
Gunnar Andersson

Chapter 10: Does Fertility Respond to Work and Family-life Reconciliation Policies in France?
Olivier Thevenon

Chapter 11: Given That People Live Longer, Why Should We Worry That Fewer Are Born?
Alessandro Cigno

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Holzmann, R., Robalino, D. and Takayama, N. eds. "Closing the Coverage Gap: Role of Social Pensions and Other Retirement Income Transfers," June 2009, World Bank. ISBN: 0-8213-7971-2  ISBN-13: 978-0-8213-7971-4   SKU: 17971

In high-income countries, the percent of the population covered under mandatory old-age pension programs is typically high but often incomplete; in low- and middle-income countries, coverage is low and even stagnant. At the same time, older people are less able to rely on family and community support as a result of growing urbanization and migration. And low-income workers and the poor simply cannot save enough to prepare for their old age. As a response, many countries are considering or have already implemented various forms of retirement income transfers aiming to guarantee a minimum level of income during old age. Despite the growing popularity of these programs, research assessing their success has been limited.

Closing the Coverage Gap: The Role of Social Pensions and Other Retirement Income Transfers brings together a group of renowned academics, policy analysts, and policy makers working in the area of pensions and public policy. They discuss how social pensions and other retirement income transfers can be used to close the coverage gap of mandatory pension systems: how they operate, when they can be appropriate, and how to make them work. The book reviews the experiences of low-, middle-, and high-income countries with the design and implementation of retirement income transfers. The book analyzes design issues related to financing, incentives, targeting mechanisms, and administration, and also identifies the role of promising instruments such as matching contributions to reach parts of the informal sector.


Chapter 1: Overview and Preliminary Policy Guidance
David A. Robalino and Robert Holzmann

Chapter 2: Measuring the Coverage Gap
Alvaro Forteza, Leonardo Luccheti, and Montserrat Pallares-Miralles

Chapter 3: Pensions and Old-Age Poverty
Stephen Kidd and Edward Whitehouse

Chapter 4: Rights-Based Approach to Social Security Coverage Expansion
Krzysztof Hagemejer

Chapter 5: Social Pensions in Low-Income Countries
Armando Barrientos

Chapter 6: Social Pensions in Four Middle-Income Countries
Mukul G. Asher

Chapter 7: Social Pensions in High-Income Countries
Mark Pearson and Edward Whitehouse

Chapter 8: Pension Coverage in Japan
Noriuki Takayama

Chapter 9: The Role of Social Pensions in the Republic of Korea
Hyungpyo Moon

Chapter 10: Incentive Effects of Retirement Income Transfers
John Piggot, David A. Robalino, and Sergi Jimenez-Martin

Chapter 11: Financing Social Pensions
Alain Jousten

Chapter 12: Defining Eligibility for Social Pensions: A View from a Social Assistance Perspective
Margaret Grosh and Phillippe Leite

Chapter 13: Matching Defined Contributions: A Way to Increase Pension Coverage
Robert Palacios and David A. Robalino

Chapter 14: Administration of Social Pension Programs
Oleksiy Sluchynsky

source and copyright holder: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The World Bank

Link to World Bank Publications

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Takayama, N. ed. "Pensions in Asia: Incentives, Compliance and Their Role in Retirement," Tokyo: Maruzen, February 2005. ISBN4-621-07566-7・/h6>

Asia is a region of demographic variety. Several Asian countries are currently experiencing a very rapid population ageing. The pension schemes in Asian countries face a big challenge under the population ageing.
There are some Asia-specific characteristics in pensions. First, many Asian countries have only a short history of social security pensions, and accordingly the issue of increasing pension coverage is still quite relevant in these countries. Second, pension programs are fairly different among Asian countries. Third, overall, the lump-sum retirement benefits have been very popular in Asia. Indeed, its mentality is still very persistent. In this sense, annuitization of retirement benefits now becomes all the more important in Asian countries.
This volume is devoted to searching for better old age income security in Asia. With an introductory chapter, it contains reports on major East, Southeast and South Asian countries, including China, Chinese Taipei (Taiwan), Hong Kong, India, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Special concerns are given to incentives and compliance issues, along with the economic status of the elderly.

Pensions In Asia


Chapter 1 Public Pension Schemes: Labour Market and Compliance Issues by W. M. McGillivray
Chapter 2 A Macro Analysis of China Pension Pooling System: Financial Problem and Incentive Issuesby Vivian Y. Chen
Chapter 3 Taiwan: Compulsory Occupational Pensions Under Reform by Shean-Bii Chiu
Chapter 4 Retirement Income Protection in Hong Kong by Iris Chi
Chapter 5 Country Report: India by R. Vaidyanathan
Chapter 6 Reforming Social Security Pensions in Japan: A Balance Sheet Approach by Noriyuki Takayama
Chapter 7 The Past and Future of Korean Pension System: A Proposal for a Coordinated Development of Public-Private Pensions by Hanam S. Phang
Chapter 8 Malaysia: Pension & Financial Market Reforms and Key Issues on Governance by R. Thillainathan
Chapter 9 Retirement Financing in Singapore by Mukul G. Asher
Chapter 10 Pension Fund, Provident Fund and Social Security System in Thailand by Niwat Kanjanaphoomin

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Takayama, N. ed. "Taste of Pie: Searching for Better Pension Provisions in Developed Countries," Tokyo: Maruzen, 2003. ISBN4-621-07227-7

The social security pension systems in developed countries are now quite unpopular, especially among the youth. Policymakers in these countries have been forced to reduce the generosity of the existing pay-as-you-go defined benefit pensions. Part of the lost benefits is replaced by pensions from funded defined contribution individual accounts, but many difficulties still remain. When it comes to social security pensions, by far the most important question is whether or not they are worth buying. For funded occupational and personal pensions, investment risk, increased administration costs, annuitization and distributional concerns are still major obstacles. Missing are better instruments to minimize risks involved in the funded system. No contributory pension scheme, public or private, PAYG or funded, DB or DC, can meet its objectives unless contributors comply. Contributors today are ultimately concerned with the taste of pie, rather than its size or its division. Are the pension provisions incentive-compatible? Is compliance effectively enforced? This volume is devoted to searching for better pension provisions in developed countries. It contains reports on major developed countries including Australia, Canada, Germany, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. It also deals with critical pension reform issues.

Taste of Pie


Part I Country Report
Chapter 1 The Australian Approach to Retirement Income Provision by Hazel Bateman and John Piggott
Chapter 2 Sustaining Public Pensions in Canada: A Tale of Two Reforms by Ken Battle
Chapter 3 A New Chapter in German Pension Policy: The "2001 Pension Reform" Based on a Paradigm Shift by Winfried Schmaehl
Chapter 4 Italy: The Search for a Sustainable PAYG Pension System by Daniele Franco
Chapter 5 Pension Arrangements in the Oldest Country: The Japanese Case by Noriyuki Takayama
Chapter 6 Singapore's Central Provident Fund: The Pitfalls of a Single Tier System by Mukul Asher and David Newman
Chapter 7 Pension Reform in Sweden by Edward Palmer
Chapter 8 The United Kingdom Pension System: Key Issues by David Blake
Chapter 9 New Trends in US Pensions by Olivia Mitchell
Part II Issues on Pension Reform
Chapter 10 Evaluating Fundamental Pension Reform in Japan and in the United States by Gary Burtless
Chapter 11 Ten Years of Public Pensions Reform by Warren R. McGillivray

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The Morning After in Japan: Its Declining Population, Too Generous Pensions and a Weakened Economy," Tokyo: Maruzen, 1998. ISBN4-621-04542-3

In the late 1990's, the asset bubble in Japan finally burst. The party, so to speak, is now over. And as the "morning after" dawns, Japan is left with a population in decline, a disproportionately large cohort of pensioners, and an ailing economy with which to support them. As to when exactly the Japanese themselves will wake up to this situation remains an open question. This volume studies the economic consequences of a declining population and of too generous a benefit of the social security pension. It aims to deepen the public understanding as to how the present social security programs are working and whether or not the programs are sustainable. It clarifies the relative economic status of the elderly including those in extended family and of the active population, explains causes of a move towards early retirement and of higher labor force participation for the male elderly in Japan, identifies the main factors underlying the different employment status of married women, examines the wealth formation process throughout the life cycle including household saving behavior, and shows how bequest motivation has functioned in Japan.

The Morning After in Japan

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