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Vol. 66, No. 1, pp. 72-93 (2015)

“Poverty Studies in Transitional Economies: Meta-Analysis on Trends in Poverty Determinants”
Kazuhiro Kumo (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University)

Studies on poverty in former socialist countries started just after the collapse of the socialist regime. The situation between the former Soviet Union states and that in Central and East European countries, however, seemed to be different and the degree and trends in poverty changed in 2000s in comparison with those in 1990s. The effects of traditional poverty determinants, namely, household size, educational attainment level and rural location seem to differ from time to time and across the regions to be examined. The meta-analysis conducted in the paper generally supported the existence of “urbanization” of poverty in the 1990s and “ruralization” of poverty in the 2000s, among other results.