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Vol. 64, No. 2, pp. 175-189 (2013)

“Survey on Empirical Analysis of Labor Turnover in the U.S. —From the View Point of Data Construction—”
Ryo Kambayashi (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University)

In this article, we survey, the literature of empirical studies on labor turnover in the U.S. from the view point of data development. Starting from cross-sectional ad hoc surveys up to the 1960s, household panels such as National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and Panel Study of Income Dynamics have been maintained since the 1970s. Here we should emphasize that administrative data was used even before the launch of household panel studies. One such datasets is the Pennsylvania Data which shed light on the long-run effect of displacement. The Displaced Worker Survey, containing nation-wide cross-sectional data, was not constructed until the 1980s. Recently, based on the long experience on administrative data, the U.S. prepares the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey as well as Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics program to shed light on the demand factors of labor turnover.