Professor / Research Division of Comparative and World Economics
My research career started in 1987 as a researcher on the economies of the South Asia region at the Institute of Developing Economies. I moved to the Institute of Economic Research here at Hitotsubashi University in 1997, where I have been conducting both theoretical and empirical work from a microeconomic perspective on questions of economic development in LDCs where absolute poverty is widespread. My research to date can be largely divided into two areas. The first area is modeling economic behavior under risk and the empirical application of these models in the context of rural communities in South Asia. More recently, I have tried to combine the analysis of poverty with the question of how to analyze the economic vulnerability of households. My second major research area is the empirical analysis of market development in low-income economies using historical statistics.
The area on which I am concentrating most of my efforts at the moment is empirical research based on field surveys conducted in Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. With regard to Pakistan, I am conducting research related to natural disasters, credit access, and community development. As for India, we are making progress with two field surveys. In the north, we are continuing our survey on micro entrepreneurs in Delhi, which aims at empirically examining the dynamics of urban poverty, while in the south, we are carrying on with surveys in rural Andhra Pradesh that focus on child labor, credit constraints, and intrahousehold resource allocation. In Bangladesh, I am involved in randomized controlled trials to test new designs of microcredit schemes for the ultra poor. Apart from this, I am involved in research on the relationship between constraints on small and medium enterprises in Pakistan and the credit market and human capital; and the long-term growth process of agriculture in India and Pakistan.
development microeconomics, microeconometrics, household models, poverty analysis, South Asian economies