Indonesia's Growth Performance during the Twentieth Century

Pierre van der Eng

(The Australian National University)
May 1999



Indonesia's long-run growth experience

  1. Natural resources
  2. Demographic change
  3. Human capital
  4. Physical capital
  5. Technological progres

Proximate sources of growth on the demand side

  1. Foreign trade
  2. Domestic demand: An approximation
  3. Domestic demand: The contribution of transport development
  4. Geographical income discrepancies


Appendix 1: Estimation of Indonesia's Historical GDP

Appendix 2: Estimation of total capital stock, 1952-98

Appendix 3: Estimation of terms of trade and GDY, 1900-98